The Diocese of Jalandhar (this name Jullundur is now officially changed to Jalandhar) is one among the current one hundred and forty eight Dioceses in India. It is situated in the North West of India, and its area comprises the civil districts of Amritsar, Faridkot, Ferozepur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Moga, Muktsar, Nawanshahar, Tarn Taran and Anandapur Sahib Tehsil of Ropar District in the State of Punjab and and Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra and Una in Himachal Pradesh. The estimated area of the Diocese is 51120 Sq. Kms.
On the west, Jalandhar Diocese has 350 kilometers of internal border with Pakistan. In the north it shares the boundary with the Diocese of Jammu-Srinagar; on the east, with the Diocese of Shimla-Chandigarh and in the south, with the Diocese of Jaipur.
The total population of the Diocese is 23,330,188 (as per the statistics of the National census of India, 2011).The projected number for 2018 is 29,870,697. The sex Ratio is 895 females to 1000 males as against the national ratio of 943 females to 1000 males.
The majority of the people speak Punjabi which is their mother tongue. Most of them understand Hindi, the national language of India. The other languages spoken are Pahari, Urdu, Rajasthani, Tibetan and tribal dialects. Being a prosperous state, Punjab attracts plenty of migrant labour from the states of Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Orissa. Although for about fifteen years (1983-1995) there was a decrease in the flow of workers from these states due to the insecure conditions in Punjab, after the restoration of peace in 1993 there is steady increase in the number of migrant labourers visiting this state. These workers do not take up permanent residence in Punjab.
Four civil districts in the northern part of the Diocese of Jalandhar are situated at the foothills of the Himalayas and form part of the state of Himachal Pradesh. The seat of Dalai Lama is situated at Dharamsalla, in the Dissstrict of Kangra which falls within the boundary of the Diocese of Jalandhar. Hinduism is the common religion of this state. As in other parts of India, the form of government is democratic. At present it is ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party. The second popular political group is the Congress Party. The bi-party system seems to be working very favourably for the people.
The greater part of the Diocese with nearly 88% of its population is in the State of Punjab. This civil state leads most of the other states in India in its per capita income. Blessed with natural resources, especially with subsoil water reserve, and a hard-working and enterprising people, this state is one of the most prosperous areas in India. Although this state went through the agonizing experience of violence and terrorism for over a decade from 1984 to 1995, due to the demand for erection of Khalistan as a separate State, peace has now returned. Democratically elected Government in the state and at the centre took firm steps and brought the situation under control.